Sunday, October 24, 2010
Mars, why Mars. Reason 1
Mars was the son of Juno and a magical flower and initially was the Roman god of fertility and vegetation but later became associated with battle. As the god of spring, when his major festivals were held, he presided over agriculture in general. In his warlike aspect, Mars was offered sacrifices before combat and was said to appear on the battlefield accompanied by Bellona, a warrior goddess variously identified as his wife, sister or daughter. Mars unlike his Greek counterpart, Ares, was more widely worshipped than any of the other Roman gods, probably because his sons Romulus and Remus were said to have founded Rome. As the consort of Rhea Sylvia and father of Romulus and Remus, Mars was considered the father of the Roman people.
Ares is the Greek god of war. He was later identified with the Roman war god, Mars. Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera. Ares had no wife, but had three children by Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love. The twins, Phobos, panic, and Deimos, fear, always accompanied him on the battlefield. Phobos and Deimos are the two moons of Mars. Ares is seen wearing full armor in the above photo. The names of the physical features on Mars are all Latin or Greek. Mars as we know it today comes from the Roman word for the planet. Mars is named for the Roman god of war because of its color--red--the color of blood.
In Vedic astrology Mars is know as MANGAL, ANGARAKA and KUJA. These names in Sanskrit mean, "auspicious, burning coal, and the fair one". Mars is a malefic. He rules over the two sidereal signs of Aries and Scorpio. He is exalted in Capricorn and fallen in the opposite sign of Cancer. Mars is often depicted as a god with a red body exemplifying the natural color of the astronomical body in the sky.
The fourth planet from the Sun, Mars glowed distinctively red in the ancient Egyptian sky, earning it the name "Horus the Red." Observers also described the planet's retrograde motion, noting that Horus sometimes "travels backwards" in the sky. The name of Cairo, the capital of modern Egypt, comes from "Al Qahira," an ancient Arabic name for Mars.